Fundy Tidal Energy Research
There is a long history of research on tidal energy development and its associated environmental impacts in the Bay of Fundy. In fact, much of the research and knowledge gained about the Bay of Fundy ecosystem has been a direct consequence of interest in tidal power development.
In the tidal range/barrage/dam schemes of the 20th century, current tidal energy development and research in the Bay of Fundy is focused on in-stream tidal conversion technology. In-stream tidal turbines are designed to use the flow of the tides to turn an impellor, which uses the flow of air to turn its blades. There are numerous designs, but each uses the ebb and flow of the tides to rotate a turbine, which powers an electrical generator. Distinct from tidal barrages (e.g. Annapolis Tidal Station, Annapolis River, NS) which are similar to hydropower dams, in-stream devices do not use dams to store and regulate current flow.
With its challenging environmental conditions and growing community of tidal energy and marine experts, the Bay of Fundy has the potential to become a world hub for tidal energy research. However, experts have long recognized the need for an objective, coordinated and collaborative research approach to address the significant ecological, socio-economic and engineering uncertainties and challenges associated with tidal energy activities in the Bay.
Current research efforts are being conducted by universities, government research scientists and tidal developers, and include a diverse range of tidal energy issues.
Tidal Energy Research Areas